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Johan Bränmark

Ethics _ From Handbook of Mereology


ISBN: 978-3-88405-601 -1

Preis: €9.80 (inkl. 19 % MwSt.)


Ethical theorising has largely centred on the right and the good and the relation between the two. Consequentialists predominantly understand rightness as a matter of maximising the good, and accordingly focus on understanding which things are good; deontologists tend to see acting rightly as a matter of acting in accordance with a number of rules or principles. Some consequentialists emphasize the role of rules in ethical life and some deontologists put great weight on our obligation to do good, but generally writers in the consequentialist tradition have discussed mereological issues concerning how good wholes are made good by their parts, while deontologists argue about the way in which aspects of situations interact to constitute what we ought to do on the whole. With respect to good wholes and their parts, the locus classicus in terms of mereology is G. E. Moore’s Principia Ethica, where he defends what he calls the principle of organic unities, which says: “The value of a whole must not be assumed to be the same as the sum of the value of its parts” (1903: 28). By parts, Moore here means proper parts; he in turn distinguishes between the value that a whole has as a whole, and the value it has on the whole. The latter is a sum of the value of the whole …




 


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