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Erwin Tegtmeier

Continuants and Occurrents


ISBN: 978-3-88405-593-9

Preis: €9.80 (inkl. 19 % MwSt.)


The term ‘continuant’ has been introduced by W. E. Johnson to replace Aristotle's term of “substance” (ousia) as a residual term, freed from certain controversial philosophical implications. Johnson characterises the continuant as “that which continues to exist while its states and relations may be changing” (Logic I, p. 199). Thus a continuant has a relatively long duration, is a subject, i.e., a bearer of properties and stands in relations to other items. The category of continuants is contrasted with the category of occurrents, which resemble Aristotelian accidents in that they inhere in continuants. Unlike recent uses of the term ‘occurrent’, where ‘occurrent’ is predominantly used to cover the subcategories of processes and events, respectively, in Johnson occurrents are momentary and simple. Continuants and occurrents are thus compatible categories and can be part of the same ontology, but Johnson uses the term ‘occurrent’ also to characterise the empiricist alternative to a continuant-based ontology. He takes empiricists to champion a mono-categorial approach that is based on the category of occurrents only. This fits well with Locke's mockery of the idea of a bearer of properties and with Berkeley's and Hume's claim that only entities of short duration are given to us and that ordinary objects are composed of such momentary entities. The premise in the background is that perception is 
always restricted to …




 


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